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Building Structures 5

Code:124FSHB
Weekly load:3+2
Assessment:Credit, exam
Branch of study:Erasmus (ERA), Building structures - czech (C), Building Structures (D)
Type of study:Bachelor
Term:Summer
Type of course:Compulsory
Main lecturer:doc. Ing. Václav Kupilík, CSc., prof. Ing.Martin Jiránek, CSc.

Seminar related pages

Anotation:

Analysis of fire – course of fire, burning process, fire loading; legislation and European Standards; fire safety solutions – fire project, requirement for fire resistance of buildings, escape ways, distance separation, fire-fighting equipment;  fire behaviour of the most used materials (wood, steel, concrete, plastics); protection of building materials against fire (brickwork, concreting, plasters and sprays, coatings, impregnates of wood, encasements, glued facings of mineral fibres); sandwiches from fire point of view; influence of claddings on the course fire; passive protection of building structures – fire walls, fire glazed structures, fire ceiling, draft stops and seals; repressive measures – electric fire signalling, stationary extinguishing devices, smoke extract, hydrant systems

 

Goals:

To acquaint students with foundation of fire safety solutions of buildings, legislation and European Standards, behaviour of the most applied materials in fire and their protection, and principles of repressive measures.

 

 

 

 

Requirements:

Foundation of building structures

 

Lectures:

1.lecture:

Fundamental concepts, statistics and reasons of fire. Analysis of fire – reasons and course of fire. Fire legislation and European Standards. Burning process, fire loading.

 

2.lecture:

Foundation of fire safety solutions of buildings – fire project (fire and economic risk, fire grading), requirement for fire resistance of buildings, fire scripts, class of fire resistance, escape ways (types and requirements), distance separation (claddings and roof envelope, fire strips, additional contact padding warm).

 

3.lecture:

Fire-fighting equipment (access road, external and internal fire-fighting route), water and electricity supply, extinguishers. Euro codes.

 

4.lecture:

Fire behaviour of the most used materials: wood, steel, concrete non-reinforced, reinforced and prestressed, plastics (material structure, system and rate burning, influence of higher temperatures on properties of material, loss of stability, negative phenomena of steel in course of fire, fire dangerous properties of plastics and process-reduction of their burning).

 

5.lecture:

Protection of building materials against fire (brickwork, concreting, plasters and sprays, coatings, impregnates of wood, encasements, glued facings of mineral fibres).

 

6.lecture:

Influence of claddings of the temperature-course during fire (influence of filling and joints on fire spread, fire spread along facade). Passive protection of building structures – fire walls, fire glazed structures, fire ceiling, draft stops and seals, drencher sprinkler).

 

7.lecture:

Problem of fire liquidation in tower and hall buildings. Active fire safety protection (electric fire signalization, stationary extinguishing equipments, smoke extract). Fire hydrant systems in water supply (external and internal fire-protection water works).

 

Seminars:

Drawing up of fire safety solution to previous project:

  • fire risk (fire loading, division of disposal on fire compartments, fire grading),
  • requirements on fire resistance of building structures,
  • escape ways (choice of type, dimensioning),
  • distance separation (claddings and roof envelopes from fire open area - point of view, fire strips, surfacing),
  • fire-fighting equipment (access road, external and internal fire-fighting route),
  • water and electricity supply,
  • extinguishers.

 

Ending term:

  1. giving of work in required extent and quality according to specification of the beginning of semester,
  2. sufficient required participation on course.

 

Literature:

  1. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat, 1st.ed., Fire Safety in Tall Buildings, Betlehem, Pensylvania, Mc Graw-Hill Inc., 1992, 317 p., ISBN 0-07-012531-7
  2. Kupilík, V.: Fire Protection of Constructions, page:182, Dunamenti Tuzvédelem Zrt, Budapest, Hungary,2009,  ISBN: 978-963-06-70385-7
  3. Newman, G.M. The fire resistance of composite floors with steel decking, 1st.ed., The Steel Construction Institute Ascot, 2001, ISBN 1-870004-67-1
  4. SFPE Handbook of Fire Protection Engineering, Third Edition ,Editorial Staff, Published by the National Fire Protection Association, National Fire Protection Association, 2002, ISBN: 087765-451-4

  5. Holdsworth B., Sealey A.: Healthy Buildings. Longman, 1992

  6. Curwell S. R., March C. G.: Hazardous Building Materials. E.F.N. Spon London, 1986

    7. Giles C., Giles B.: Make Your House Radon Free. Tab Books Inc. 1990

     

     

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